Annoying spider veins: when bluish-red veins could become dangerous

Annoying spider veins: when bluish-red veins could become dangerous

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Beauty blemish spider veins: Most of the bluish-red veins are harmless
Spider veins are often nothing more than a simple blemish. However, they can also be an indication of venous disease. Therefore, those affected should have the cause of the bluish-red veins clarified by a specialist. Spider veins occur significantly more often in women than in men.

Mostly just a cosmetic problem
The small bluish-red veins that shimmer through the skin appear especially on the legs. From a distance they can look like a bruise. If you look at them up close, you can see the fine ramifications. Spider veins, which are also called spider veins, spread like a kind of brush broom under the skin and therefore bear their name. Almost every second woman knows the small and unsightly veins that mostly shimmer through on the outside of the thighs. Men are significantly less affected than women. Affected people often see spider veins as a beauty flaw. From a medical point of view, this form of varicose veins is usually harmless and does not need to be treated. However, it cannot be ruled out that spider veins hide a serious venous weakness. In order to be certain, you should have a specialist examined.

The exact causes of spider veins have not yet been scientifically clarified. "In many cases, those affected have an inherited predisposition to spider veins," said vascular surgeon Horst Peter Steffen to the dpa news agency. Steffen is the chief physician in the Hilden Capio Clinic in the Park, the Venenzentrum Nordrhein-Westfalen. The blood then builds up in those affected and cannot continue to flow unhindered. Munich-based alternative practitioner Ursula Hilpert-Mühlig, who is also vice president of the Association of German Alternative Practitioners, said: "Spider veins can - but do not have to - be precursors of serious varicose veins."

More women than men affected The development of spider veins is promoted, among other things, by overweight or obesity, lack of exercise and hormonal changes during pregnancy. In addition, they occur more often in old age, as Ursula Sellerberg from the Federal Association of German Pharmacists' Associations (ABDA) explained according to dpa. Thick legs or thick calves are often added. However, they do not only appear on the upper and lower legs, but on the entire body, for example on the abdomen. Spider veins on the face are much less common. According to Hilpert-Mühlig, women are mostly affected by spider veins because they have weaker connective tissue than men. Some of them have connective tissue weakness. "In general, spider veins do not cause complaints, they are primarily a cosmetic problem," says Steffen.

Spider veins do not have to be removed Spider veins can - but do not have to - be removed. However, they do not go away on their own. Spider veins can be covered cosmetically. There are special make-ups for the face. "Waterproof camouflage products also exist for legs," said Sellerberg. There is also the option of having spider veins removed by specialists. "Sclerotherapy or laser therapy are available as therapeutic measures," explained Steffen. Before starting therapy, the treating doctor examines the area around the affected area. He explores whether and where there are major vein congestions in the immediate vicinity of the spider veins, which must be treated as a priority to prevent further blood flow to the spider veins. "So far, this has often been done using ultrasound," explained Steffen. According to the expert, there is now an even more precise examination method - the so-called vein viewer. The blood flow paths are localized using infrared light.

No “100 percent guarantee of success” Both with laser therapy and with obliteration, several sessions are usually agreed, each lasting around half an hour. The treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis. In the case of obliteration, an agent is injected into the spider veins after local anesthesia; in laser therapy, a laser beam shrinks the spider veins. "There is no 100 percent guarantee that the spider veins will permanently disappear after the therapy," said Steffen. After removing spider veins from legs, compression stockings have to be worn for a limited time. Because the therapy is usually a cosmetic procedure, the health insurance companies usually do not cover the costs. Patients have to expect an average of 150 euros per session. A (cheaper) treatment method from naturopathy is leech therapy. But the same applies here: there is no 100 percent guarantee.

Move a lot and put your feet up Although health experts give tips on how to prevent spider veins and varicose veins, according to Steffen, there is no reliable scientific knowledge. If you have a tendency to spider veins, for example in the legs, it is generally recommended to exercise a lot, for example in the form of swimming or hiking. In addition, the leg is recommended to be raised frequently. According to Hilpert-Mühlig, water applications can also have a beneficial effect on the legs. This includes, for example, the cold knee cast, a well-tried home remedy for varicose veins. "The water jet is directed from the back of the foot to the heel and then along the calf to the knee," explained the naturopath. (ad)

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  1. Fairlie

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  2. Vizragore

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  3. Arland

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